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Covid 19 coronavirus: Ibyo ukeneye kumenya kubyerekeye itangazo ryinkingo yuyu munsi

Guverinoma yashyize umukono ku masezerano yo kugura inkingo za miliyoni 1.5 Covid-19 – bihagije ku 750.000

Ni iki cyatangajwe?

Amasezerano azabona Nouvelle-Zélande inkingo zigera kuri miliyoni 1.5 Covid-19 – cyangwa bihagije ku bantu 750.000.

Ariko ibyo bireba abakora izo nkingo – Pfizer na BioNTech – kurangiza neza ibizamini byo kwa Phase III, no gutanga ibyemezo byemewe hano.

Minisitiri w’ubushakashatsi, ubumenyi n’udushya, Megan Woods yavuze ko byose bigenda neza, inkingo zishobora kugezwa muri Nouvelle-Zélande mu gihembwe cya mbere cy’umwaka utaha.

Pfizer yavuze ko barimo gutera imbere mu iterambere ry’urukingo rwa Covid-19 “.

“Bitewe no gutsinda kwa muganga no kugenzura, kandi mu gihe urukingo rwemejwe gukoreshwa hano muri Nouvelle-Zélande na Medsafe, birashoboka ko dosiye zimwe na zimwe tuzayibona mu gice cya mbere cya 2021.”

Urukingo ni iki?

Igihangange cy’ibiyobyabwenge ku isi Pfizer hamwe n’isosiyete ikora ibijyanye n’ibinyabuzima yo mu Budage BioNTech iri inyuma y’itsinda ry’abakandida – ariryo ryitwa BNT162b2 – riri mu myanya ya mbere mu isiganwa ry’inkingo ku isi.

Ubushakashatsi bwerekanye kugeza ubu

itera antibody na T selile yo kurwanya SARS-CoV-2, virusi itera Covid-19.

T-selile ni selile yera ishobora gutera selile zanduye virusi ya SARS-CoV-2, mugihe antibodies zishobora kwanduza virusi kuburyo idashobora kwanduza selile mugihe zanduye mbere.

Shyira hamwe, ufite ingabo ikomeye irwanya coronavirus.

Nkurukingo rwa RNA, rwakoraga rutwara ibintu bikomoka mu ngirabuzimafatizo, mbere yuko rwandika poroteyine zihariye ziva muri virusi.

Nko kuri iki cyumweru, urukingo rwabaye mu igeragezwa rya gatatu kandi ryanyuma Icyiciro cya III ku mbuga zirenga 120 ku isi, abantu 28.000 bakaba bamaze guhabwa inshuro ya kabiri.

Muri uku kwezi, ibigo byombi byatangije icyifuzo cy’ikigo cy’ubuvuzi cy’i Burayi, mu gihe Ubuzima bwa Kanada bwatangiye gusuzuma igihe nyacyo umukandida wabwo.

Uru nirwo rukingo rwonyine dushobora gukoresha?

Umwarimu wungirije w’inkingo muri kaminuza ya Auckland, Helen Petousis-Harris, yatangaje ko itangazo ry’uyu munsi ryaranze amasezerano y’ubuguzi bwa mbere – kandi atari aya nyuma.

Ati: “Hariho n’abandi ku meza.”

Urugero, Ositaraliya, imaze gushyira umukono ku masezerano yo gukora cyane muri kaminuza ya Oxford hamwe n’urukingo rwa virusi ya virusi ya AstraZeneca, ChAdOx1-S, no mu rubanza rwa III.

Ibyo byerekanwe kubyutsa T selile muminsi 14 nyuma yo gukingirwa – hamwe na antibody mugihe cyiminsi 28.

Kimwe n’ibicurane by’ibicurane tumenyereye cyane, ni urukingo rwa virusi ya virusi, kandi rukoresha ibice bya virusi kugira ngo rutere imbaraga zo kwirinda indwara.

Petousis-Harris yavuze ko undi uza ku mwanya wa mbere ari urukingo rwa LNP rukingiwe na mRNA rwakozwe n’ikigo cy’igihugu cy’Amerika gishinzwe kurwanya indwara z’indwara n’indwara zanduye hamwe na Moderna ikorera muri Massachusetts.

Nko muri uku kwezi, amatsinda umunani yari afite inkingo 17 mu cyiciro cya III.

Byari byitezwe cyane ko inkingo za mbere zizatangira gusohoka haba mu mpera z’igihembwe cya kabiri, cyangwa mu ntangiriro z’igihembwe cya gatatu, cyo mu 2021.

Ati: “Twaba rero twizeye ko bizaba hagati mu mwaka utaha aho tuzatangira rwose kubona inkingo ziboneka”.

“Ariko [umukandida wa Pfizer-BioNTech] ashobora kuhagera hakiri kare kurenza ibyo.”

Nigute ibi bihuye ningamba za Nouvelle-Zélande?

Minisitiri w’intebe Jacinda Ardern yazengurutse ikigo cya Wellington’s Malaghan Institute of Medical Research, gifite uruhare mu ihuriro ry’ibanze rikora inkingo zakozwe mu karere.

Guverinoma ivuga ko yuzuzanya n’ibindi bice by’ingamba zacu zagutse, ziherutse gutangizwa nk’ikigo cya Covax ku isi gishobora gutanga 50% by’abaturage bacu bakeneye.

Yateganyirijwe miliyoni amagana y’amadolari – ntabwo izagaragaza neza umubare, kubera impamvu z’ubucuruzi – kugeza Kiwis n’abaturanyi bacu ba pasifika kugera kumurongo bishoboka.

Woods yagize ati: “Intego y’ingenzi mu nzira zacu ni ukureba niba dufite ihinduka kandi tugahitamo mu bijyanye no kubona inkingo zikwiye kuri Nouvelle-Zélande ndetse n’abaturanyi bacu ba pasifika.”

Itsinda rishinzwe ingamba ubu ryarimo kuganira n’andi masosiyete akora imiti, hakaba hateganijwe andi matangazo ukwezi gutaha.

Woods yavuze ko “iterambere ryiza” ririmo gukorwa kuri ayo masezerano, kandi kugirana amasezerano y’inyongera bizatuma habaho inkingo zihagije ku gihugu cyose.

Habayeho impungenge murwego rwo hejuru hejuru ya Nouvelle-Zélande kubona hakiri kare.

Urupapuro rumwe rw’Abaminisitiri ruherutse gusohoka muri Kanama rwerekanye ko Guverinoma ihangayikishijwe n’uko igihugu cya Nouvelle-Zélande kidafite ubuzima bwa Covid kandi ubuzima bwiza bushobora kuvuga ko butazashyirwa imbere mu gihe gushyira imbere no kugenerwa isi byasigaye kugira ngo harebwe ibikenewe.

Yasabye ko Nouvelle-Zélande ikeneye kwiyemeza “gukoresha umutungo hakiri kare kugira ngo ifashe kubona urukingo”.

Kugira amasezerano atandukanye yo kugura byasobanura ko hashobora kugera ku bakandida batandukanye b’inkingo, ariko ibyo ntibishobora kwemeza urukingo, kuko “birashoboka ko benshi mu bakandida bafatwa batazashoboka”.

Ibyo byabanje kwishyurwa ntabwo byasubizwa iyo bimaze kwishyurwa.

Kugaragaza ikiguzi cy’ayo masezerano mbere byagorana, amafaranga agomba gutangwa kugira ngo atangire, nk’uko byavuzwe.

Byari biteganijwe ko inkingo zo kubyara hakiri kare zishobora kugura amadolari 75 na $ 150 kuri dose mugihe nyuma yo kubyara bishobora kugura amadorari 15.

Ninde rero ushobora kubanza kubona urukingo?

Ihamagarwa ntirirakorwa, ariko Minisiteri y’ubuzima irimo gukora uko gahunda yo gukingira ishobora gutangira.

Minisitiri w’ubuzima Chris Hipkins yagize ati: “Impamvu nyinshi zizagira ingaruka ku uzahabwa inkingo n’igihe, nk’amakuru y’ibigereranyo ku bijyanye na buri rukingo rukwiranye n’imyaka runaka.”

“Twashyizeho akayabo ka $ 66.3m yo gukoresha ibikoresho remezo n’ibikorwa remezo kugira ngo Nouvelle-Zélande yiteguye gutangiza gahunda yo gukingira Covid-19 mu gihe tuzaba dufite urukingo rufite umutekano kandi rukomeye.

“Inyinshi muri iri shoramari rizishyura ibikoresho bihagije byo gutera inkunga ibihugu bya Nouvelle-Zélande na Pasifika mu bihugu bya Pasifika; ibikoresho nka PPE, inshinge, siringi na swabs, na firigo kugira ngo babike urukingo.”

Tuvuge iki ku musaruro w’inkingo waho?

Ibyo na byo biraba.

Isosiyete y’inkingo ya Covid-19 iyobowe na Dr Robert Feldman ifite intego yo kurangiza igeragezwa ryayo rya mbere ry’abantu ku rukingo rushya mu mpera z’umwaka utaha, ruzatwara hafi miliyoni 8.

Inkunga ingana na miliyoni 3 z’amadorali azajya muri sosiyete ikora ibijyanye n’ibinyabuzima ya Kiwi Biocell kugira ngo izamure ibikoresho byayo kugira ngo ishobore gukuramo miliyoni 100.

Undi muryango wa Kiwi urimo gukora ubushakashatsi ku bakandida bashobora gutorerwa mu rugo – nk’uburyo bwo gukingira urukingo ruyobowe na Porofeseri wa kaminuza ya Otago, Miguel Quiñones-Mateu, ndetse n’urukingo rwa spombine proteine ​​rombinant rutezwa imbere muri laboratwari ya kaminuza ya Victoria ya Dr Davide Comoletti – amezi.

Kandi isosiyete yo muri ako gace yabonye inkunga ya $ 3.3m y’amafaranga y’abikorera kugira ngo bakomeze urukingo rwa Covid-19 rwakozwe n’ikoranabuhanga rya Kiwi.

Uruganda rw’inkingo rwa Covid-19 (CVC) rwashinzwe muri Gicurasi, rwashyizeho ubufatanye na kaminuza ya Auckland, Callaghan Innovation, n’ikigo cy’ubushakashatsi Scion, mu rwego rwo guteza imbere ubwigenge umukozi wa coronavirus ukomoka mu gihugu.

Isosiyete ifite intego yo kurangiza igeragezwa ryayo rya mbere ry’abantu ku rukingo rushya mu mpera z’umwaka utaha, izatwara hafi miliyoni 8.

inkuru dukesha nzherald.

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